The pull of that mass gravitationally, *F _{g}*, is given by the classic equation

Now add some text and hope it’s not overwritten – oops, it is overwritten. Kutools always converts equations to full-width images! Useless

Here I just used print screen, crop, copy, and paste – tedious!

Here, *m* is the mass of our circling object or star, and *G* is the universal gravitational constant. Let’s express *M* in terms of the radius and the density of dark matter:

Here, I gathered all the constants into a single constant, *k*.

The star is moving with a speed *v* (I call it speed because velocity is a vector, a speed in a specified direction. That direction is constantly changing as the star orbits, but, for a circular orbit we’re considering, the speed stays the same). The centrifugal force, *F _{c}*, is then given by another classic equation,